Reaserch:

Quick Detection of Proteus and Pseudomonas in Patients’ Urine and Assessing Their Antibiotic Susceptibility Using Infrared Spectroscopy and Machine Learning

Authors From Afeka: Itshak Lapidot

Abstract

Bacterial resistance to antibiotics is a primary global healthcare concern as it hampers the effectiveness of commonly used antibiotics used to treat infectious diseases. The development of bacterial resistance continues to escalate over time. Rapid identification of the infecting bacterium and determination of its antibiotic susceptibility are crucial for optimal treatment and can save lives in many cases. Classical methods for determining bacterial susceptibility take at least 48 h, leading physicians to resort to empirical antibiotic treatment based on their experience. This random and excessive use of antibiotics is one of the most significant drivers of the development of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria, posing a severe threat to global healthcare. To address these challenges, considerable efforts are underway to reduce the testing time of taxonomic classification of the infecting bacterium at the species level and its antibiotic susceptibility determination. Infrared spectroscopy is considered a rapid and reliable method for detecting minor molecular changes in cells. Thus, the main goal of this study was the use of infrared spectroscopy to shorten the identification and the susceptibility testing time of Proteus mirabilis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa from 48 h to approximately 40 min, directly from patients’ urine samples. It was possible to identify the Proteus mirabilis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa species with 99% accuracy and, simultaneously, to determine their susceptibility to different antibiotics with an accuracy exceeding 80%.

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